Showing posts with label angular-async-form. Show all posts
Showing posts with label angular-async-form. Show all posts
angular-async-form - Async form handling the angular way

angular-async-form - Async form handling the angular way

June 25, 2017
If you've developed angular apps you know how difficult it is to handle errors after submitting a form. Common scenarios include:
  • 500 errors with messages like Sorry, an unkown error occured. Please try again.
  • 400 errors from input validation that were not caught in the UI.
Angular provides a great set of directives if your only concern is immediate validation in the UI; however, they fall short for anything else.
angular-async-form (namespaced af) fills this gap with the following directives:
  • afSubmit This is a direct replacement for ngSubmit. It accepts an angular expression (similar to ngSubmit), and in addition to $event it also exposes a callback function (exposed as cb). cb is used to communicate with the rest of the directives listed herein.
  • afMessage Displays a form wide message.
  • afControlGroup Groups a form control with a corresponding error message.
  • afControl Adds a form control to a form control group.
  • afControlMessage Adds a message to a form control group.
You can customize it's behavior with afConfig.


  • Unobtrusive. Use afControlMessage in concert with ngMessages to display known validation errors in the UI before submitting the form, and unkown errors from async operations after the form is submitted.
  • Allows you to handle errors after a form is submitted and display them to the user inside the form.
  • If an error was returned for a control (like for input validation that wasn't handled in the UI), the control must receive a blur event before setting it's validity again to true.
  • Display form wide error messages.
  • 100% asynchronous. May be used with or without HTTP calls.
  • Versatile Directive API.
  • Handles all input types I.E. input[type=radio], input[type=checkbox], textara etc.

Full Example

The directives are used in concert as follows:
 <!DOCTYPE html>  
 <html ng-app="myApp">  
   .error {color: red;}  
  <body ng-controller="AppCtrl">  
   <h1>Hello {{ user.firstName }}!</h1>  
   <form af-submit="doSomething($event, cb)" novalidate>  
    <div class="error" af-message>{{ message }}</div>  
    <div class="control-group" af-control-group>  
     <div class="error" af-control-message>{{ error }}</div>  
     <!-- doSomething($event, cb) is called. It's up to doSomething to warn the  
     user by calling cb if errors occured in async operations. If no errors  
     occurred, then doSomething can do something else like hide the form and load  
     a new view. -->  
     <button type="submit">Submit</button>  
   <script src=""></script>  
   <script src="angular-async-form.js"></script>  
   <script src="app.js"></script>  

Directive API


Restriction Requires Scope
A form Parent Scope (afSubmit must equal an angular expression)
Use afSubmit as a direct replacement for ngSubmit. In addition to the $event object, a callback is exposed as cb. cb has the following signature:
function (message, errors)
  • message - A message to display in the form E.G. Sorry, an unknown error occurred. Please try again.. This can be a string or any data type if you wish to display multiple form wide messages. See afMessage.
  • errors - An enum of strings corresponding to control messages E.G.
  firstName: 'First names must start with the letter J at 4\'oclock in the afternoon.',  
  lastName: 'We could not accept this value at this time.'  
See afControlMessage.


Restriction Requires Scope
AE ^^afSubmit Child Scope provides message
Adds a message to the child scope of the element it is used on. The message is provided by passing a value as the message parameter in the afSubmit callback function.


Restriction Requires Scope
AE ?^^afSubmit Parent Scope
Groups a form control with a corresponding message. This allows error messages passed to the errors parameter in afSubmit to apply to their intended control, or group of controls in the case of radio buttons and checkboxes. Multiple afControls must have the same name.


Restriction Requires Scope
AE ^^afControlGroup Child Scope provides error
Adds a message to a form control group. If the control received an error via the errors parameter to the callback in afSubmit then it will be provided in this directive's scope.


Restriction Requires Scope
A ^^afControlGroup, ngModel Parent Scope (name is a required attribute)
Adds a form control to a form control group. The name attribute is used as the key when supplying errors to the callback function in afSubmit. This directive may be used any number of times within afControlGroup (I.E. with radio inputs). If this directive does not exist within afControlGroup, then no error will display in afControlMessage.
Errors must be resolved by triggering a blur event on the control; otherwise, successive evaluations of afSubmit will be blocked.


You can customize angular-async-form by using afConfig.


A simple object with the following properties:
  • updateOn (defaults to blur change) Setting this to a different DOM event changes the event used to trigger the removal of messages displayed with afControlMessage.


The MIT License (MIT)

Note: Special thanks to Kogo Software

Disclaimer: The blog is created to share angular directives information to geek, curious Angular Developers.